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The Positive Effects of Globalization That We Never Talk About
Globalization on women and gender relations show a higher percentage of negative effects because they are being neglected nationally and internationally in terms of better opportunities in the market place. This is shown by the fact that women are hired to work in a highly stressful environment but not compensated well in terms of monetary and non monetary benefits. However, organizations such as the United Nations are taking steps to resolve these issues by implementing goals of macro-economics with social development but government should concentrate on integrating gender equality and development within the context of globalization.
The spread of disease and its potential economic impacts are just a few of the effects of globalization. And even though non-communicable diseases, like diabetes, now take the greatest toll on life and strain already stretched health budgets, infectious diseases and pandemics continue to pose the greatest threat to humans in a globalized world.
Impact of the Globalization of Social Media ..
Nancy Scheper-Hughes is a member of Organs Watch, a human rights group operating out of the University of California, Berkeley. The purpose of this organization is to investigate rumors, complaints, and allegations involving the trafficking of organs, human rights violations regarding the acquisition of organs, and related issues. In her report published on the Organs Watch website, Scheper-Hughes notes how organ transplantation follows "modern routes of capital," "from third world to first world, from poor to rich bodies, from black to brown to white bodies" (5). As globalization promotes a market economy, the competitive nature of this market is reflected in many facets of society, including a nation's healthcare system. The currency of the exchange, be it in dollars or organs, often flows as Scheper-Hughes describes. As an example, Davidson refers to when Bayer sold large quantities of a blood-clotting factor to Asia and Latin America, because the product was not fit for sale in the United States or Europe. The result of this transaction was an HIV infection rate of 90% among those targeted by the company, and a profit of four million dollars for Bayer (Davidson 121). This is an example of money flowing out of developing nations to wealthier ones in a global economy and at a cost to the developing nation. When this occurs in the context of the organ trade, the results are similar — the exploitation of those without money and resources by those with money and resources.
Lawrence Cohen, in a discussion about "kidney zones" in India, illustrates how social hierarchy and corporate competition interact to produce areas where the organ trade flourishes. He hypothesizes that "kidney zones" (areas where kidneys are sold in large numbers) "emerge through interactions between surgical entrepreneurs, persons facing extraordinary debt, and medical brokers" (676). Globalization has brought the once rare procedure of organ transplantation, before carried out only in developed nations, to countries around the world (Scheper-Hughes 4). This set the stage for the competition between public and private healthcare entities, and in combination with surgeons willing to take risks for money and a pool of indebted citizens willing to do whatever it takes to keep their family afloat, the organ trade thrives.
Culture and social effects of globalization Essay …
Despite the condemnation of selling organs, which dates back to a 1985 World Medical Association statement and principles forbidding commercial transactions relating to "the human body and its parts" set forth by the World Health Organization in 1991, money still exchanges hands for harvested organs on the black market (Wilkinson 104; Garwood 5). It is estimated that 10% of the 63,000 annual kidney transplants involve payment to a non-related donor of a different nationality, and this statistic not only highlights the practice of paying for organs, which is illegal in many countries, but introduces the international aspect of the organ trade (Garwood 5). Considering that a kidney can be bought from a donor for $1,000-3,000, and can be sold for up to $40,000, it is apparent that a huge market-driven divide exists between those involved in a transaction on which livelihoods are based (Cohen 663; Scheper-Hughes 5; Garwood 5). This discrepancy between the donor's compensation and the ultimate market value of a kidney is a product of the competitive, profit-focused market economy encouraged by globalization.
International trade among different countries also helps in increasing the number of tourists that visit different places around the world.
Globalization has helped in bringing about integrity and social understanding everywhere.
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globalization and its social-cultural-political and economic impacts
It’s not just inequality that poses a systemic risk to the economy. As individuals and societies get richer, they become closer, both physically, through population growth, urbanization and travel, and virtually, through the Internet. Simultaneously, as the consumption of food, energy and medicines rises, the externalities, or spill-over effects, of individual choices grow. The integration and connectivity of global systems widen the range and amplify the impact of antibiotic resistance, climate change, pandemics and financial crises. These issues, which may compound each other, transcend national and organizational borders. A pandemic, flood or cyber-attack could provoke a global financial crisis or a political crisis. The vectors of our connectivity – such as cyberspace, financial markets, airport hubs or logistics centers – have become the source of “super-spreading” of both the positives and the negatives of globalization.
globalization and its social-cultural-political and ..
Yes, globalization expands opportunity, but it also exacerbates risks, and as those opportunities and risks are increasingly distributed in an unequal way, divisions within societies widen. People and societies that fail to get on the turbo-charged globalization train are left further and further behind. That’s a spill-over effect of globalization that, unless managed, threatens to overwhelm our political institutions and national economies.
Social Development in terms of Globalization Essay …
The wealthy, often foreign, recipients of organs cannot be left out of the disability discussion as it relates to the organ trade. They provide a striking contrast to the situation of "disabled" when compared to the donors, and they are a causal link in the situation of the neglected local recipients. The wealthy foreigner is literally buying his or her way to the front of the waiting list, taking an organ that should have gone to a local with the same chronic condition. This is a big problem in China, where 1.5 million Chinese wait for various transplants (Watts 1917). In South Africa, a nurse expresses her hostility towards those foreigners arriving in local hospitals in search of organs: "[A]s far as I am concerned South African organs belong to South African citizens. And…before I see a white person from Namibia getting their hands on a heart or kidney that belongs to a little Black South African child, I myself will see to it that the bloody organ gets tossed into a bucket" (Scheper-Hughes 11). Her statement encapsulates the flow of organs from the traditionally marginalized to the privileged and highlights a social aspect of disability. Though both the wealthy foreigner and the local might identify as having a disability due to the chronic condition for which organ transplantation is necessary to treat, there are social aspects that affect available options for both parties. The wealthy foreigner is in a position to travel long distances and pay large sums of money for an organ, while a local relying on public health care lies in a hospital bed on a waiting list. Able to pay at least double what the local insurance allows for locals, the wealthy foreigners are a target market for competitive companies in the healthcare industry (Scheper-Hughes 11). This inequality is not addressed by globalization; rather, it is exacerbated by the expansion of the international competitive economy as reflected in healthcare systems. Disability exists, to an arguable degree, when society instills it in an individual. The already trying conditions of the local on the waiting list are worsened by social support for the current systems of globalization.
Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture
To better understand Scheper-Hughes' flowchart model of organs and capital, one must differentiate between the disabled parties involved in the organ trade. Effects of globalization affect two separate categories of people, both of which may identify as having disabilities. The first category consists of those in need of an organ, which can be further divided into wealthy private clientele and the locals who are often skipped over to serve these wealthier individuals. The second category is composed of those who sell their organs. This group of "donors" is most drastically exploited by economic and healthcare systems. These people are impaired due to the extraction of an organ and disabled because they are often left in debt and may be unable to be a productive member of society due to a lack of proper medical care, both preceding and following the removal of an organ.
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