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Health promotion can be accomplished in various environments.
Theoretical statements derived from the model provide a basis for investigative work on
health behaviors. The HPM is based on the following theoretical propositions:
1. Prior behavior and inherited and acquired characteristics influence beliefs, affect,
and enactment of health-promoting behavior.
2. Persons commit to engaging in behaviors from which they anticipate deriving
personally valued benefits.
3. Perceived barriers can constrain commitment to action, a mediator of behavior as
well as actual behavior.
4. Perceived competence or self-efficacy to execute a given behavior increases the
likelihood of commitment to action and actual performance of the behavior.
5. Greater perceived self-efficacy results in fewer perceived barriers to a specific
6. Positive affect toward a behavior results in greater perceived self-efficacy.
7. When positive emotions or affect are associated with a behavior, the probability
of commitment and action is increased.
8. Persons are more likely to commit to and engage in health-promoting behaviors
when significant others model the behavior, expect the behavior to occur, and
provide assistance and support to enable the behavior.
9. Families, peers, and health care providers are important sources of interpersonal
influence that can increase or decrease commitment to and engagement in healthpromoting behavior.
10. Situational influences in the external environment can increase or decrease
commitment to or participation in health-promoting behavior.
11. The greater the commitment to a specific plan of action, the more likely healthpromoting behaviors are to be maintained over time.
In the following essay will include the description of the HIV/AIDS client group, evaluate the characteristics by the biopsychosocial model and analyses the health promotion and motivational strategies in Hong Kong....
Clincal Assessment for Health Promotion PlanImproving Nutrition
Perceived benefits of action – perceptions of the positive or reinforcing consequences of
undertaking a health behavior
Perceived barriers to action – perceptions of the blocks, hurdles, and personal costs of
undertaking a health behavior
Perceived self-efficacy – judgment of personal capability to organize and execute a
particular health behavior; self-confidence in performing the health behavior successfully
Activity-related affect – subjective feeling states or emotions occurring prior to, during
and following a specific health behavior
Interpersonal influences (family, peers, providers): norms, social support, role models –
perceptions concerning the behaviors, beliefs, or attitudes of relevant others in regard to
engaging in a specific health behavior
Situational influences (options, demand characteristics, aesthetics) – perceptions of the
compatibility of life context or the environment with engaging in a specific health
Commitment to a plan of action — intention to carry out a particular health behavior
including the identification of specific strategies to do so successfully
Immediate competing demands and preferences – alternative behaviors that intrude into
consciousness as possible courses of action just prior to the intended occurrence of a
planned health behavior
Behavioral Outcome- Health Promoting Behavior
Health promotion as it relates to nursing is about us empowering our patients to increase their control over their lives and well beings and includes: focusing on their health not just illness, empowering our patients, recognizing that health involves many dimensions and is also effected by factors outs...
Overview of Health Promotion Model
Today, the ANA (2010a) defines Nursing as “the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy...
Research in Nursing and Health,
Shin, Y. H., Yun, S.K., Pender, N.J., Jang, H.J. (2005). Test of the health promotion
model as a model of commitment to a plan for exercise among Korean adults with
chronic disease Research in Nursing and Health, 28(2), 117-125.
Hendricks, C., Murdaugh, C. & Pender, N. (2006). The adolescent lifestyle profile:
Development and psychometric characteristics. Journal of National Black Nurses
Association, 17(2), 1-5.
Robbins, L.B. Gretebeck, K.A., Kazanis, A.S., Pender, N.J. (2006). Girls on the Move
program to increase physical activity participation. Nursing Research, 55(3), 206216.
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