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Blindly Obeying Authority Essay -- Authority
Despite the fact that it is important to obey the authority, obeying the authority can sometimes be hazardous especially when morals and autonomous thought are suppressed to an extent that the other person is harmed.
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In all lawful governments the designation of the persons who are to bear rule being as natural and necessary a part as the form of the government itself, and that which had its establishment originally from the people- the anarchy being much alike, to have no form of government at all, or to agree that it shall be monarchical, yet appoint no way to design the person that shall have the power and be the monarch- all commonwealths, therefore, with the form of government established, have rules also of appointing and conveying the right to those who are to have any share in the public authority; and whoever gets into the exercise of any part of the power by other ways than what the laws of the community have prescribed hath no right to be obeyed, though the form of the commonwealth be still preserved, since he is not the person the laws have appointed, and, consequently, not the person the people have consented to.
With all you have learned about obeying authority, ..
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Milgram’s subjects found themselves in a situation akin to the one Freud had explored in Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego. So powerful were the experimental conditions that their psyches were being reorganised in the here and now of the experiment in process. It is here, in the process of the experiment as it unfolds, that the tension of responsibility becomes evident and the case-like features of the research begin to open out. Confronted by powerful (the scientist-experimenter) and weak (the abject learner) interpellations and processes of identification (with the authority, with the abject), most subjects perform a passionate struggle between responsibility and obedience. They turn and turn again as the experimenter’s demand to inflict more punishment is obeyed or disobeyed. To highlight this, so troubled was he by the situation he found himself in, one subject during the experiment proposed that he should swap places with the abject learner. Trapped by his acceptance that he must submit to the authority of the experimenter, he was prepared, nevertheless, to take responsibility for his own cooperation by exposing himself to the effects of his decision. A more common response was literally to turn towards the experimenter in a mute, but sometimes also voiced, plea for reassurance that the subject, as teacher, should continue to administer ever more intense shocks despite cries and demands from the learner to be released (‘Let me out of here!’) or the dread silence that followed mistakes by the learner near the top of the 450-volt scale. When analysed with attention to the ways in which individuals negotiated the experimental conditions, the case study aspects of the research take on the fuller dimensions of a struggle between obedience to authority and the taking or surrendering of individual responsibility. To catch this struggle, close attention to the unfolding process is required—and a statistical analysis can only take you so far.
Transcripts of some individual iterations of the experiment are available in the book Obedience to Authority—although they are only segments. Rod Dickinson’s The Milgram Re-enactment, 2002 is an artwork in which several full individual iterations of the experiment were performed at the Centre for Contemporary Art in Glasgow. These performances were based on transcripts of the individual interactions and set in an ‘exact facsimile’ of the Social Interaction Lab and with an exact replica of the electro-shock equipment. Fortunately three iterations were filmed and I can assure the reader that watching the film is harrowing—not unlike viewing Beckett’s Endgame, but without the relief of any wit or humour, or even a momentary achievement of shared significance. These transcripts and enactments add the complexity of the case-in-process to the rigour of Milgram’s elegant and dramatic research design. The assault on the cultural and individual narcissism of the leading liberal-democratic societies in an age of individualisation remains, but now complicated by the passionate struggle against, as well as the frequently troubled collusion with authority.
Blindly Obeying Authority Essay - 1787 Words | Bartleby
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How far do such considerations apply to political authority? They doto some extent. A legislator or administrator may know better than mostwhat is to be done to preserve the salmon fisheries or to slow globalwarming. But some scientists may know as well, or better, and in someareas there are be no criteria of relevant expertise at all. The onlyprospect of broadening NJT's reach therefore rests on its applicationto integrate the activity of many people who must cooperate but whodisagree on these matters and more. If authority is able to create orsupport valuable schemes of social cooperation, subjects may bejustified in obeying even though that is not the scheme they wouldthemselves have chosen. It is sometimes argued that this is so ingeneral “co-ordination problems” and in situations in whichindividual reasoning might be self-defeating, for instance, inprisoner's-dilemmas.
In Stanley Milgram’s "Perils of Obedience" experiment, his studies showed that sixty percent of ordinary people would agree to obey an authority figure even to the point of severely hurting another human being....
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to which people obey to a person in authority ..
For who can think the command, "Children, obey your parents," requires in a man that has children of his own the same submission to his father as it does in his yet young children to him, and that by this precept he were bound to obey all his father′s commands, if, out of a conceit of authority, he should have the indiscretion to treat him still as a boy?69.
The Importance of Obeying Traffic Laws ..
For the end of civil society being to avoid and remedy those inconveniences of the state of Nature which necessarily follow from every man′s being judge in his own case, by setting up a known authority to which every one of that society may appeal upon any injury received, or controversy that may arise, and which every one of the society ought to obey. Wherever any persons are who have not such an authority to appeal to, and decide any difference between them there, those persons are still in the state of Nature.
Blindly Obeying Authority Essay 1787 Words | 8 Pages
I further propose that Las Casas, even while holding to the traditional and scriptural authority of the church, ascribes a similarly circumscribed earthly authority....
Obeying Authority Human Beings Are All Born Essay - …
Well, you will no longer have to ponder over these questions because today we will be telling you all about the organization which is responsible for these things: the Australian Broadcasting Authority, commonly termed the ABA.
View this essay on Obeying Authority Human Beings Are All Born
Perhaps the most influential voluntarist argument grounds politicalobligation in neither performative nor expressive acts, but in abare willingness to benefit from a system of mutual restraint. This isthe territory of fairness, or fair play, as articulated by Hart (1955)and elaborated by Rawls (1964). The core idea is that those who acceptthe benefits of fair scheme of cooperation have a duty to do theirallotted part under that scheme: if others obey the law to our benefit,we owe them a duty not to take a free-ride on their compliance.
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