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Compare and contrast indentured servants and slaves in …
Only about 40 percent of indentured servants lived to complete the terms of their contracts. Female servants were often the subject of harassment from their masters. A woman who became pregnant while a servant often had years tacked on to the end of her service time. Early in the century, some servants were able to gain their own land as free men. But by 1660, much of the best land was claimed by the large land owners. The former servants were pushed westward, where the mountainous land was less arable and the threat from Indians constant. A class of angry, impoverished pioneer farmers began to emerge as the 1600s grew old. After in 1676, planters began to prefer permanent to the headright system that had previously enabled them to prosper.
The growth of tobacco, rice, and indigo and the plantation economy created a tremendous need for labor in Southern English America. Without the aid of modern machinery, human sweat and blood was necessary for the planting, cultivation, and harvesting of these cash crops. While slaves existed in the English colonies throughout the 1600s, indentured servitude was the method of choice employed by many planters before the 1680s. This system provided incentives for both the master and servant to increase the working population of the Chesapeake colonies.
Essays on Indentured Servants Land Slavery - Essay Depot
Landowners in the American colonies originally met their need for forced labor byenslaving a limited number of Natives, and "hiring" many more Europeanindentured servants. In exchange for their transportation across the Atlantic, theservants committed to work for the landowner for 4 to 7 years. A few slaves wereimported from Africa as early as 1619. With the spread of tobacco farming in the 1670's,and the diminishing number of people willing to sign-on as indentured servants in the 1680's,increasing numbers of slaves were brought in from Africa. They replaced NativeAmerican slaves, who were found to be susceptible to diseases of Europeanorigin. "" 2 The Africans"came from manyracial stocks and many tribes, from the spirited Hausas, the gentle Mandingos, thecreative Yorubas, from the Igbos, Efiks and Krus, from the proud Fantins, the warlikeAshantis, the shrewd Dahomeans, the Binis and Sengalese." 3Eventually 600 to 650 thousand slaves arrived in America against their will.4
COMPARING & CONTRASTING Indenture usually lasted three to seven years worked in exchange for transportation, food, clothing, lodging, and other necessities Most became helpers, farmers or house servants Not paid wages Assigned to lighter work and more skilled tasks Infant and child mortality (death) rates were twice as high among slave children as among southern white children.
Indentured Servants vs Slaves by Ashley Zemlicka on Prezi
In 1795 Georgetown enacted an ordinance banning the congregation of more than 5 slaves in public with punishment of 39 lashes for the slaves and a $13 fine for their masters. The ordinance also punished indentured servants who were principally Irish emigrants.
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