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Why Socialism? | Albert Einstein | Monthly Review

In this essay on socialism, Einstein reflects on capitalism, on socialism, on what he calls the "economic anarchy of capitalist society," and on what to do about it. I add comments on how Social and Ethical Ends are created by humans, not by what's "natural"; on the Dimensions of Reality per Ken Wilber; on how the battle between the primacy of The Individual vs. the Collective has created The Crisis of Our Time; on Capitalism, Socialism, & Dictatorship; and on how The Rules of the Game have gotten us to where we are today.

Capitalism encourages private investment and business compared to a government-controlled economy.

Although, capitalism and socialism have similar characteristics, the differences between capitalism and socialism make capitalism a better way of life.

Why Socialism? (Essay by Albert Einstein)

He believed that socialism is the transitional period between capitalism and communism.

In order to argue that Stalin's analysis of utility was incorrect, utilitarians find themselves rationalizing that the Soviet Union failed because of economic errors. But this is plainly false. The Soviet Union did not lose cohesion because of economic errors. Loss of cohesion came first, economic problems came later. It suffered economic stagnation as a result of loss of social cohesion.

Similar, though less extreme, events have occurred throughout the vast majority of the third world. Cambodia was merely the most monstrous of these of these events, but there have been many others, smaller in scale but equal in horror and depravity. In countries where people live close to hunger, most of the third world, state intervention to improve people lives has invariably resulted in mass starvation, these catastrophes being most photogenic in Africa. This mass starvation has often resulted in resistance the these benefits and improvements, which has resulted in extraordinarily brutal terror and torture, to extort continued submission to government aid. Especially entertaining is the suffering of the unfortunate recipients of government to government aid. One notable example is the World Bank resettlement program in Ethiopia, where hundreds of thousands of people who failed to appreciate the generous aid their Marxist government provided them were resettled in extermination camps built by the World Bank, and shipped to those camps in cattle trucks supplied by the World Bank (Bandow, Bovard, Keyes). Another amusing example of your taxes at work providing the greatest good for the greatest number was the World Bank's Akosombo dam project (Bovard, Lappe 35 37). Most attempts to determine the greatest good for the greatest number have had similar outcomes, it is just that in affluent societies the consequences are less flagrant, less brutally obvious. In a poor society an attempt to provide the greatest good for the greatest number usually results in starvation, death, torture, and maiming. In an affluent society it merely produces poverty, fatherless children, homelessness, street crime, and discreet police violence.

— Albert Einstein, "Why Socialism?" References

It is found that democratic socialism is a better alternative to capitalism and communism, two other very popular forms of government.

In The Jungle, Upton Sinclair pushes for Socialism by showing Jurgis’ struggle to find work, the hardships of the packingtown workers, and the inequality of all men in this capitalistic society....

It is thus extremely difficult, andindeed in most cases quite impossible, for the individual citizento come to objective conclusions and to make intelligent use ofhis political rights.

The situation prevailing in an economy based on the private ownershipof capital is thus characterized main principles: first, meansof production (capital) are privately owned and the owners disposeof them as they see fit; second, the labor contract is free.

By contrast, socialism, a government-controlled economy, is based on equality, social justice, and common ownership by the people....
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Albert Einstein on Socialism - …

The priests, in controlof education, made the class division of society into a permanentinstitution and created a system of values by which the peoplewere thenceforth, to a large extent unconsciously, guided in theirsocial behavior.

But historic tradition is, so to speak, of yesterday; nowherehave we really overcome what Thorstein Veblen called "thepredatory phase" of human development.

Albert Einstein's Why Socialism ? - Term Paper

I must try, however, as best I can,although I am very conscious of the fact that our feelings andstrivings are often contradictory and obscure and that they cannotbe expressed in easy and simple formulas.

Man is, at one and the same time, a solitary being and a socialbeing.

Read this essay on Albert Einstein's Why Socialism ?

The main reason the Third World has taken on the concept of socialism is because of the history of feudalism and colonialism that these countries faced for so many years.

Albert Einstein: Why Socialism Essay Example | Topics …

The question becomes not so much as what is socialism, but how does it differ from capitalism, and what is wrong with capitalistic ideas to where we would need socialism.

Albert Einstein - "Why Socialism?" (1 of 2) - YouTube

A philosopher can choose to disbelieve in Newton's laws, but this will not enable him to fly. He can disbelieve in natural law, but political and social institutions built on false law will fail, just as a bridge built on false physical law will fall, just as the deer that does not notice the tiger gets eaten, just as the Marxist philosophers who voluntarily returned to Cambodia to aid the revolution were for the most part murdered or tortured to death by the revolutionaries. The most extreme failure in recent times was the attempt of the Cambodian government to increase the rice harvest by central direction of irrigation, also known as “the Cambodian Autogenocide”.

included Einstein's "Why Socialism?" essay.

This quote illustrates the fundamental philosophy of Albert Einstein and provides an insight into the mind of a theoretical physicist and a maverick that revolutionized physics in the early Twentieth Century....

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