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50+ 12 Angry Men Essay Topics, Titles & Examples In …
I watched the original 12 Angry Men, for multiple reasons. The original of a movie is always the best. I also really enjoy old black and whit films. They represent a type of lost American culture. The first thing I noticed from 12 Angry Men was the lack of women and African Americans throughout the entire movie. This wasn't surprising; for a film produced in 1957 it had to be expected. That was part of the reason I chose to watch the original version. The simplicity and characteristics of old films are completely different from modern films.
In 12 Angry Men there were multiple connections to psychology in the court room. Many of which we have already discussed in class. This film in particular makes reference to many different psychological and legal parallels. The first of which being eyewitness testimony. Eyewitness testimony, like in many criminal trials is necessary. However, just because it is often necessary doesn't mean it's always perfect. The main character and juror in this film exploits that point to the rest of the men. The original not guilty juror explains to the men they are basing their entire judgment on two eyewitness testimony. The rest of the evidence is circumstantial The eyewitness testimony is what 11 men are willing to accept as true. Like in many criminal trials the eyewitness testimony has a large impact on the final verdict. In 12 Angry Men this is not different. In this case, the eyewitness testimony of the old man down stairs is eventually taken as false because of his timing to get to the door and his inability to hear the murder due to the passing train. The second eyewitness across the tracks also has a pretty weak testimony stating she witnessed the murder through the windows of the passing train. At any rate, the psychological impact of the eyewitness testimony is enough the 11 men to sen the young man to the execution chair. Without contradiction by the 1 not guilty juror, this could have very well happened.
The jury of men eventually become hung. With and even 6 men for guilty and 6 men for not guilty. This is a critical point in the movie. The psychological fatigue is starting to set in on the 12 men. They have been in the deliberation room for many hours now and nerves are starting bend. The point soon arises that many of the guilty men have there belief of guilty not based on the facts, but on there own beliefs. The psychological battle turns from deliberating the facts to arguing over what some of the men's intentions. This is referred to as an open conflict. As stated in the textbook; open conflict takes place in the deliberation room with open discussion and questions. This open conflict of the 12 men really escalates into a psychical brawl at one point. The psychological stress of the 12 jurors starts to show with their emotion and short fuses. I also notice as things got more heated and controversial, the men started to show more perspiration. I thought that was neat added tough for a 1957 film.
To see the evidence and psychological reasoning start to change every single juror one by one was intriguing! I found it interesting how the main not guilty juror used evidence and deductive reason to prove to the other 11 men that, in fact, there was not enough evidence to convict. His main point all along wasn't that the kid was innocent, but there simple wasn't enough evidence there to prove he did. With knowledge and psychological persuasion he eventually bestowed that same doubt into the minds of the 11 other jurors.
The first thing that was interesting to me while watching 12 Angry Men was that were no women in the jury and women have been able to serve on juries for a long time. I really enjoyed this movie because at the beginning I heard the evidence against the offender and I actually believed he committed the crime, but after listen to what those men talked I started to change my mind. I have a hard time believing that juries break down evidence in a case like they did in this movie and people go at each other like they did. I can understand how tensions were high in the jury, many wanted to get it over it and get out of there. Putting 12 men in a small room that is very hot, in uncomfortable seating, and talking about a troubling subject would of course lead to high tension.
From the start of the movie we see great examples of how juries deal with making a hard decision in a high profile case. With the judge giving them the pre-instructions at the beginning the jurors must take into consideration that they are putting a man to death. Once the men are put into the room they take a pre-vote just to get an idea of where everybody stands. Most of them are using the mathematical model in their decision making. They considered all evidence against the offender and completely believe he is guilty. The one juror that stands alone at first seems a man that believes in a just world and that offender deserves some consideration. Most of the juror believed that this kid had this coming and showed internal locus of control. This made his own life and they considered his past as evidence that he committed the crime. Two jurors stood out to me as authoritarianism, the African American that was pretty racist and in the end agreed to not guilty because everybody was going along with it. The second man had deep values and seemed to have personal connect in the case. He wanted the kid to pay and believed the kid deserved to be punished. When they broke down every piece of evidence and one by one each started to have reasonable doubt that the offender had committed the crime.
The entire movie was based on the deliberation process and how each junior would have their own personality and bring different aspects to the decision making process. Of course right from the beginning a foreman and consider the verdict-driven style or evidence-driven style. When they started to break down the evidence from the eyewitness who actually saw the murder take place was a good example of Manson Criteria. The witness’s opportunity to see what happened what blocked by the train and she lacked the ability to see clearly. When considering the offenders story of what happened, he does seem like he was under a lot of stress at the time, and his emotions played a key role in his alibi.
Then go into the second phase and have a major open conflict and at times it gets pretty heated inside the room. The older man that at first didn’t think the offender was guilty slowly was able to use informational influence to persuade each juror to change their verdict. I wonder if jurors were to put themselves into the shoes of the offender, like the older man did, would they change their verdict and maybe understand the situation a lot better. I can’t believe that some were willing to just give up and change their verdict because everybody was. Then others wanted to go with a hung jury just to get the process over and put the pressure on other people. Many of the jurors were great examples of the similarity-leniency hypothesis, such as the juror who was from a similar rough neighborhood. Also the juror that was Mexican might have made the connection because of they were the same race. Few of the jurors made personal connection to the offender and after hear evidence they believed the kid deserved another chance.
In the final phase of the process we see the jurors come to an agreement and give their verdict to the judge. The conflicts were all over and the jurors finally understand why the older man was unsure whether the kid committed the crime. They all didn’t get along in the end but to see how a jury can break down all the evidence and slow change everybody’s mind one by one was surprising.
Key Terms: pre-instructions, mathematical model, internal locus of control, authoritarianism, open conflict, hung jury, open conflict, similarity-leniency hypothesis.
12 Angry Men Essays | GradeSaver - Study Guides & Essay …
I watched the 1997 version of “12 Angry Men”, and I also had to watch it in high school but we didn’t ever talk about the psychological aspects of the movie. One large aspect that this movie addresses is the amount of power that the jury has, and how much responsibility they hold on their part. First off, the Judge says that she will require a unanimous decision, because the defendant faces death by lethal injection. Right off the bat, eleven jurors vote guilty and one person voted not guilty. It is the job of the jury to try and decide all possible questions of the case.
It's important to bring an understanding of the mathematical models to 12 Angry Men. At the beginning of the the film we see the meter essentially pointed towards guilty or otherwise known as a hung jury because they couldn't reach a unanimous vote. Overtime after careful persuasion and with the careful examination of further evidence we see the meter shift along with the rationale's of the jury. It was interesting to see that back in the day they needed to reach a unanimous vote instead of a majority rule. If the majority rule was established in the legal system during that time, this movie wouldn't exist because it would have essentially been over after the first count.
12 Angry Men 3 » All Free Essays
The most influential chapters of our book that I will be using for this weeks assignment are chapters 4, 7 & 13 and I will be using them as the foundation of my analysis. 12 Angry Men was indeed a great movie that provided so many psychological and legal aspects.
As I conclude my analysis I want to reaffirm how difficult it most be for a jury to filter through all the rules, responsibilities, and procedures that are expected of them during a trial. The psychological aspects of the movie as well as the legal points are combined perfectly in the aspect of how a juror, jury and the legal ramifications.
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Essay about The Problem of Groupthink in 12 Angry Men …
Right away the jury members appointed a foreman to be in charge of the group, this is called the orientation process. During this process jury members discuss procedures, and raise general issues. The foreman is essentially in charge of the group, and at first he too wanted to get out of their fast without any discussion. The jury decided to take a vote before they discussed the evidence, this is the verdict driven style. This style encourages jurors to sort out the evidence into two categories supporting conviction or supporting acquittal. All of the men became upset when 1 of the 12 did not think the boy was guilty. He thought there was reasonable doubt and that they should re-look at what happened. Of course the rest of them men were angry because they wanted to leave. As they started to discuss the case they seemed to use a combination of the mathematical model and story model. Though the course of their discussion they would take votes once new pieces of the case were discussed. This allowed the men to show where they stood so the jury knew what side of the case needed to be discussed. The story model was used a lot to make sense on if certain aspects of the case could have happened. For example the men created a story of how was the old man who couldn’t walk well able to see the boy run down the stairs.
Social Psychological Perspective of Movie 12 Angry Men Essay …
Overall I thought that 12 angry men was a very dry but somewhat interesting film. I couldn’t help but to notice acting flaws and was amazing that some of the sequences during the film were one very long take. I could see how back then a movie like this was very popular; it depicted very clearly the deliberation process as well as various aspects of the process that help jurors reach their verdicts.
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